We performed genome-wide expression analysis to determine genetic responses in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to a low temperature environment using a cDNA microarray. Approximately 25% of the genes in the yeast genome were found to be involved in the response of yeast to low temperature. This finding of a large number of genes being involved in the response to low temperature enabled us to give a functional interpretation to the genetic responses to the stimulus. Functional and clustering analyses of temporal changes in gene expression revealed that global states of the expressions of up-regulated genes could be characterized as having three phases (the early, middle, and late phases). In each phase, genes related to rRNA synthesis, ribosomal proteins, or several stress responses are time-dependently up-regulated, respectively. Through these phases, yeast cells may improve reduced efficiency of translation and enhance cell protection mechanisms to survive under a low temperature condition. Furthermore, these time-dependent regulations of these genes would be controlled by the cAMP-protein kinase A pathway. The results of our study provide a global description of transcriptional response for adaptation to low temperature in yeast cells.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|