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Reference: Li XY, et al. (2002) Selective recruitment of TAFs by yeast upstream activating sequences. Implications for eukaryotic promoter structure. Curr Biol 12(14):1240-4

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Abstract

The general transcription factor TFIID is composed of the TATA box binding protein (TBP) and multiple TBP-associated factors (TAFs). In yeast, promoters can be grouped into two classes based on the involvement of TAFs. TAF-dependent (TAF(dep)) promoters require TAFs for transcription, and TBP and TAFs are present at comparable levels on these promoters. TAF-independent (TAF(ind)) promoters do not require TAFs for activity, and TAFs are either absent or present at levels far below those of TBP on these promoters. Here, we demonstrate that the upstream activating sequence (UAS) mediates the selective recruitment of TAFs to TAF(dep) promoters. A TAF(ind) UAS fails to recruit TAFs and to direct efficient transcription when inserted upstream of a TAF(dep) core promoter. This transcriptional defect can be overcome by a potent activator, indicating that a strong activation domain can compensate for the absence of TAFs on a TAF(dep) core promoter. Our results reveal a requirement for compatibility between the UAS and core promoter and thus help explain previous reports that only certain yeast UAS-core promoter combinations and mammalian enhancer-promoter combinations are efficiently transcribed. The differential recruitment of TAFs by UASs provides strong evidence for the proposal that in vivo TAFs are the targets of some, but not all, activators.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Li XY, Bhaumik SR, Zhu X, Li L, Shen WC, Dixit BL, Green MR
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