A reanalysis of expression arrays in yeast cells synchronized by alpha factor blockade or through the use of temperature sensitive mutants uncovered a genome wide pattern of oscillations in mRNA concentrations. Using wavelet decomposition as a signal processing technique and enhancement strategies borrowed from image processing, noise and trends in the Stanford yeast cell cycle data were partitioned away from time series profiles to uncover genome-wide oscillations in expression. These oscillations which were typically of cell cycle or half cell cycle duration, 40 and 80 minutes in the Stanford data set suggest that there are large-scale temporal structures and high frequency oscillations in mRNA levels through the cell cycle. Wavelet decomposition, which acts like a band pass filter bank, was used to determine where most of the power appeared in the decomposition. The approximately 40-min oscillation is mirrored in continuous chemostat cultures. In these cultures, metabolic synchrony involving an unknown proportion of the transcriptome can be monitored by measurement of oxygen consumption and can be sustained for weeks. These 40-min oscillations are stable and precise with coefficients of variation less than 1% for both period and amplitude. The hypothesis that high and low amplitude oscillations are a ubiquitous property of the genetic regulatory circuitry was supported by the observation of period doubling bifurcations in the distribution of population doubling times in yeast.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|