The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has three cell types distinguished by the proteins encoded in their mating-type (MAT) loci: the a and alpha haploids, which express the DNA-binding proteins a1, and alpha1 and alpha2, respectively, and the a/alpha diploid which expresses both a1 and alpha2 proteins. In a/alpha cells, a1-alpha2 heterodimers repress haploid-specific genes and MATalpha1, whereas alpha2 homodimers repress a-specific genes, indicating dual regulatory functions for alpha2 in mating-type control. We previously demonstrated that the two leucine zipper-like coiled-coil motifs, called alpha2A and alpha2B, in the alpha2 N-terminal domain are important to a1-alpha2 heterodimerization. A unique feature of alpha2B is the occurrence of three atypical amino acid residues at a positions within the hydrophobic core. We have conducted mutational analyses of alpha2B peptides and the full-length protein. Our data suggest that these residues may play a critical role in partitioning of the alpha2 protein between heterodimerization with a1 and homodimerization with itself.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|