Reference: Jarosch E, et al. (2002) Protein dislocation from the ER requires polyubiquitination and the AAA-ATPase Cdc48. Nat Cell Biol 4(2):134-9

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Abstract


Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated protein degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome system requires the dislocation of substrates from the ER into the cytosol. It has been speculated that a functional ubiquitin proteasome pathway is not only essential for proteolysis, but also for the preceding export step. Here, we show that short ubiquitin chains synthesized on proteolytic substrates are not sufficient to complete dislocation; the size of the chain seems to be a critical determinant. Moreover, our results suggest that the AAA proteins of the 26S proteasome are not directly involved in substrate export. Instead, a related AAA complex Cdc48, is required for ER-associated protein degradation upstream of the proteasome.

Reference Type
Journal Article
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Jarosch E, Taxis C, Volkwein C, Bordallo J, Finley D, Wolf DH, Sommer T
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