The biogenesis of membrane oligomeric complexes is an intricate process that requires the insertion and assembly of transmembrane (TM) domains into the lipid bilayer. The Oxa1p family plays a key role in this process in organelles and bacteria. Hell et al. (2001, EMBO J., 20, 1281-1288) recently have proposed that Oxa1p could act as part of a general membrane insertion machinery for mitochondrial respiratory complex subunits. We have previously shown that mutations in the TM domain of Cyt1p can partially compensate for the absence of Oxa1p. Here, we demonstrate that a single amino acid substitution in the TM domain of Qcr9p can bypass Oxa1p in yeast. Qcr9p and Cyt1p are two subunits of the respiratory complex bc1 and their relative roles in the assembly of other respiratory complexes have been investigated. The mutations we have isolated in Cyt1p or Qcr9p introduce positively charged amino acids, and we show that the mutant TM domain of Cyt1p mediates the restoration of complex assembly. We propose that the positive charges introduced in Cyt1p and Qcr9p TM domains promote interactions with negatively charged TM domains of other respiratory complex subunits, allowing the coinsertion of both domains into the membrane, in the absence of Oxa1p. This model argues in favor of a role of Oxa1p in the insertion and the lateral exit of less hydrophobic TM domains from the translocation site into the lipid bilayer.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|