Take our Survey

Reference: Kaliraman V, et al. (2001) Functional overlap between Sgs1-Top3 and the Mms4-Mus81 endonuclease. Genes Dev 15(20):2730-40

Reference Help

Abstract


The RecQ DNA helicases, human BLM and yeast Sgs1, form a complex with topoisomerase III (Top3) and are thought to act during DNA replication to restart forks that have paused due to DNA damage or topological stress. We have shown previously that yeast cells lacking SGS1 or TOP3 require MMS4 and MUS81 for viability. Here we show that Mms4 and Mus81 form a heterodimeric structure-specific endonuclease that cleaves branched DNA. Both subunits are required for optimal expression, substrate binding, and nuclease activity. Mms4 and Mus81 are conserved proteins related to the Rad1-Rad10 (XPF/ERCC1) endonuclease required for nucleotide excision repair (NER). However, the Mms4-Mus81 endonuclease is 25 times more active on branched duplex DNA and replication fork substrates than simple Y-forms, the preferred substrate for the NER complexes. We also present genetic data that indicate a novel role for Mms4-Mus81 in meiotic recombination. Our results suggest that stalled replication forks are substrates for Mms4-Mus81 cleavage-particularly in the absence of Sgs1 or BLM. Repair of this double-strand break (DSB) by homologous recombination may be responsible for the elevated levels of sister chromatid exchange (SCE) found in BLM(-/-) cells.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Kaliraman V, Mullen JR, Fricke WM, Bastin-Shanower SA, Brill SJ
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference