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Reference: Izumi M, et al. (2001) Cell cycle-dependent proteolysis and phosphorylation of human Mcm10. J Biol Chem 276(51):48526-31

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Abstract


Mcm10 (Dna43) is an essential protein for chromosomal DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Recently, we identified a human Mcm10 homolog that interacts with the mammalian Orc2 and Mcm2-7 complex. We additionally demonstrated that human Mcm10 binds nuclease-resistant nuclear structures during S phase and dissociates from them in G(2) phase. In this study, we have further characterized the subcellular localization, modification, and expression levels of human Mcm10 protein throughout the cell cycle. Human Mcm10 protein decreased in late M phase, remained low during G(1) phase, started to accumulate, and bound chromatin at the onset of S phase. Proteasome inhibitors stabilized Mcm10 levels, suggesting that proteolysis is involved in the down-regulation of the protein in late M/G(1) phase. Dissociation of Mcm10 from chromatin in G(2)/M phase was concomitant with alterations in the electrophoretic mobility of the protein. Treatment with lambda phosphatase revealed that mobility shifts were due to hyperphosphorylation. These results indicate that human Mcm10 is regulated by proteolysis and phosphorylation in a cell cycle-dependent manner. It is further suggested that mammalian Mcm10 is involved in S phase progression, and not the formation of a prereplicative complex, as previously proposed from data on the S. cerevisiae protein.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Izumi M, Yatagai F, Hanaoka F
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