Sumoylation of p53 by the ubiquitin-like protein, SUMO-1/sentrin/PIC1, has been shown to stimulate its transcriptional activation activity. The SUMO E3 ligase, a key enzyme in the recognition of substrates to be sumoylated, has not yet been identified. We isolated PIAS1 (protein inhibitor of activated STAT1) as a SUMO-1 binding protein by yeast two-hybrid screening. In addition, PIAS1 bound p53 and Ubc9, the E2 for SUMO. PIAS1 that was mutated in the RING finger-like domain bound p53 and SUMO-1, but not Ubc9. PIAS1 catalyzed the sumoylation of p53 both in U2OS cells and in vitro in a domain-dependent manner. These data suggest that PIAS1 functions as a SUMO ligase, or possibly as a tightly bound regulator of it, toward p53.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|