The Mediator complex is essential for basal and regulated expression of nearly all RNA polymerase II-dependent genes in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome. Mediator acts as a bridge, conveying regulatory information from enhancers and other control elements to the promoter. It is now clear that Mediator-like complexes also exist in higher eukaryotic cells and that they have an important role in metazoan transcriptional regulation. However, the exact mechanism of Mediator-dependent transcriptional regulation remains unclear. We review here some recent advances in our understanding of Mediator structure and function. We also discuss a model to account for the functional and evolutionary relationship between yeast and metazoan Mediators. As an appendix to this review, we have created a database, MEDB, in which we have compiled information about all the S. cerevisiae Mediator subunits and their homologues in other eukaryotic cells (http://bio.lundberg.gu.se/medb/).
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|