Tim8 and Tim13 are non-essential, conserved proteins of the mitochondrial intermembrane space, which are organized in a hetero-oligomeric complex. They are structurally related to Tim9 and Tim10, essential components of the import machinery for mitochondrial carrier proteins. Here we show that the TIM8-13 complex interacts with translocation intermediates of Tim23, which are partially translocated across the outer membrane but not with fully imported or assembled Tim23. The TIM8-13 complex binds to the N-terminal or intermediate domain of Tim23. It traps the incoming precursor in the intermembrane space thereby preventing retrograde translocation. The TIM8-13 complex is strictly required for import of Tim23 under conditions when a low membrane potential exists in the mitochondria. The human homologue of Tim8 is encoded by the DDP1 (deafness/dystonia peptide 1) gene, which is associated with the Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome (MTS), a progressive neurodegenerative disorder leading to deafness. It is demonstrated that import of human Tim23 is dependent on a high membrane potential. A mechanism to explain the pathology of MTS is discussed.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|