The Rpb4 and Rpb7 subunits of yeast RNA polymerase II form a heterodimeric complex essential for promoter-directed transcription initiation in a reconstituted system. Results of template competition experiments indicate that the Rpb4-Rpb7 complex is not required for stable recruitment of polymerase to active preinitiation complexes, suggesting that Rpb4-Rpb7 mediates an essential step subsequent to promoter binding. Sequence and structure-based alignments revealed a possible OB-fold single-strand nucleic acid-binding motif in Rpb7. Purified Rpb4-Rpb7 complex exhibited both single-strand DNA- and RNA-binding activities, and a small deletion in the putative OB-fold nucleic acid-binding surface of Rpb7 abolished binding activity without affecting the stability of the Rpb4-Rpb7 complex or its ability to associate with polymerase. The same mutation destroyed the transcription activity of the Rpb4-Rpb7 complex. A separate deletion elsewhere in the OB-fold motif of Rpb7 also blocked transcription but did not affect nucleic acid binding, suggesting that the OB-fold of Rpb7 mediates both DNA-protein and protein-protein interactions required for productive initiation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|