In the nucleus, DNA is tightly packaged into higher-order structures, generating an environment that is highly repressive towards DNA processes such as gene transcription. Acetylation of lysine residues within proteins has recently emerged as a major mechanism used by the cell to overcome this repression. Acetylation of non-histone proteins, including transcription factors, as well as histones, appears to be involved in this process. Like phosphorylation, acetylation is a dynamic process that can regulate protein-DNA and protein-protein interactions. Moreover, a conserved domain, the bromodomain, has been implicated in the binding of acetylated peptides, suggesting a role for acetylation in intracellular signalling.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|