Take our Survey

Reference: Hackam AS, et al. (2000) Huntingtin interacting protein 1 induces apoptosis via a novel caspase-dependent death effector domain. J Biol Chem 275(52):41299-308

Reference Help

Abstract

Huntington disease is a devastating neurodegenerative disease caused by the expansion of a polymorphic glutamine tract in huntingtin. The huntingtin interacting protein (HIP-1) was identified by its altered interaction with mutant huntingtin. However, the function of HIP-1 was not known. In this study, we identify HIP-1 as a proapoptotic protein. Overexpression of HIP-1 resulted in rapid caspase 3-dependent cell death. Bioinformatics analyses identified a novel domain in HIP-1 with homology to death effector domains (DEDs) present in proteins involved in apoptosis. Expression of the HIP-1 DED alone resulted in cell death indistinguishable from HIP-1, indicating that the DED is responsible for HIP-1 toxicity. Furthermore, substitution of a conserved hydrophobic phenylalanine residue within the HIP-1 DED at position 398 eliminated HIP-1 toxicity entirely. HIP-1 activity was found to be independent of the DED-containing caspase 8 but was significantly inhibited by the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-x(L), implicating the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis in HIP-1-induced cell death. Co-expression of a normal huntingtin fragment capable of binding HIP-1 significantly reduced cell death. Our data identify HIP-1 as a novel proapoptotic mediator and suggest that HIP-1 may be a molecular accomplice in the pathogenesis of Huntington disease.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Hackam AS, Yassa AS, Singaraja R, Metzler M, Gutekunst CA, Gan L, Warby S, Wellington CL, Vaillancourt J, Chen N, ... Show all
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference