Glycosylphosphatidylinositols (GPIs) are attached to the C-termini of many proteins, thereby acting as membrane anchors. Biosynthesis of GPI is initiated by GPI-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (GPI-GnT), which transfers N-acetylglucosamine from UDP- N-acetylglucosamine to phosphatidylinositol. GPI-GnT is a uniquely complex glycosyltransferase, consisting of at least four proteins, PIG-A, PIG-H, PIG-C and GPI1. Here, we report that GPI-GnT requires another component, termed PIG-P, and that DPM2, which regulates dolichol-phosphate-mannose synthase, also regulates GPI-GnT. PIG-P, a 134-amino acid protein having two hydrophobic domains, associates with PIG-A and GPI1. PIG-P is essential for GPI-GnT since a cell lacking PIG-P is GPI-anchor negative. DPM2, but not two other components of dolichol-phosphate-mannose synthase, associates with GPI-GnT through interactions with PIG-A, PIG-C and GPI1. Lec15 cell, a null mutant of DPM2, synthesizes early GPI intermediates, indicating that DPM2 is not essential for GPI-GnT; however, the enzyme activity is enhanced 3-fold in the presence of DPM2. These results reveal new essential and regulatory components of GPI-GnT and imply co-regulation of GPI-GnT and the dolichol-phosphate-mannose synthase that generates a mannosyl donor for GPI.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|