Take our Survey

Reference: Kornak U, et al. (2000) Mutations in the a3 subunit of the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase cause infantile malignant osteopetrosis. Hum Mol Genet 9(13):2059-63

Reference Help

Abstract

Although the gene defects for several mouse mutants with severe osteopetrosis are known, the genes underlying human infantile malignant recessive osteopetrosis remain elusive. Osteopetrosis is thought to be caused by a defect in osteoclast function. These cells degrade bone material in a tightly sealed extracellular compartment that is acidified by a vacuolar (V)-type H(+)-ATPase. Genes encoding components of the acidification machinery are candidate genes for osteopetrosis. In five of ten patients with infantile malignant osteopetrosis, we now demonstrate five different mutations in OC116, the gene encoding the a3 subunit of the V-ATPase from osteoclasts. Two independent patients were homozygous for mutations that predict a total loss of function by severely truncating the protein. By affecting a splice site, another homozygous mutation deletes 14 amino acids within the N-terminus, which interacts with other subunits of the proton pump. On the other hand, in four patients no mutations were found, and one patient from a consanguineous family did not show homozygosity at the OC116 locus, suggesting that mutations in at least one different gene may underlie osteopetrosis. Our work shows that mutations in the gene encoding the a3 subunit of the proton pump are a rather common cause of infantile osteopetrosis and suggests that this disease is genetically heterogeneous.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Kornak U, Schulz A, Friedrich W, Uhlhaas S, Kremens B, Voit T, Hasan C, Bode U, Jentsch TJ, Kubisch C
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference