Two AAA proteases, each with its catalytic site at the opposite membrane surface, mediate the ATP-dependent degradation of mitochondrial inner membrane proteins. We demonstrate here that a model substrate polypeptide containing hydrophilic domains at both sides of the membrane can be completely degraded by either of the AAA proteases, if solvent-exposed domains are in an unfolded state. A short protein tail protruding from the membrane surface is sufficient to allow the proteolytic attack of an AAA protease that facilitates domain unfolding at the opposite side. Our results provide a rationale for the membrane arrangement of AAA proteases in mitochondria and demonstrate that degradation of membrane proteins by AAA proteases involves an active extraction of transmembrane segments and transport of solvent-exposed domains across the membrane.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|