A general method for purification of any substrate of the ubiquitin pathway, the major eukaryotic proteolytic pathway, should utilize the common characteristic of covalent linkage of ubiquitin to substrate lysyl residues. The utility of a N-terminal histidine-tagged ubiquitin (HisUb) for in vivo conjugation and isolation of ubiquitinated proteins by metal chelation chromatography is conditioned by the requirement that HisUb conjugate to the same set of proteins as wild-type ubiquitin. Stringent in vivo tests with Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains expressing ubiquitins only from plasmids were performed to show that HisUb could substitute for wild-type ubiquitin. The utility of HisUb as a method for purification of proteins ubiquitinated in vivo was demonstrated by metal chelation chromatography of yeast extracts expressing HisUb and immunoblotting for Rpb1, the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II. A fraction of Rpb1 was present in the ubiquitinated form in vivo. The ability to use HisUb expression in transgenic organisms that retain expression of their endogenous ubiquitin genes was demonstrated through transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana expressing HisUb or its variant HisUbK48R. UbK48R is a version of ubiquitin capable of conjugation to proteins, but cannot serve as an attachment site for ubiquitin via the major in vivo interubiquitin linkage. Whereas transgenic plants expressing HisUb showed insignificant enrichment of ubiquitinated proteins, transgenic Arabidopsis lines expressing HisUbK48R gave a much better yield.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|