Reference: Dickinson JR, et al. (2000) An investigation of the metabolism of isoleucine to active Amyl alcohol in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem 275(15):10937-42

Reference Help

Abstract

The metabolism of isoleucine to active amyl alcohol (2-methylbutanol) in yeast was examined by the use of (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and a variety of mutants. From the identified metabolites a number of routes between isoleucine and active amyl alcohol seemed possible. All involved the initial decarboxylation of isoleucine to alpha-keto-beta-methylvalerate. The first, via branched chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase to alpha-methylbutyryl-CoA, was eliminated because abolition of branched-chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase in an lpd1 disruption mutant did not prevent the formation of active amyl alcohol. However, the lpd1 mutant still produced large amounts of alpha-methylbutyrate which initially seemed contradictory because it had been assumed that alpha-methylbutyrate was derived from alpha-methylbutyryl-CoA via acyl-CoA hydrolase. Subsequently it was observed that alpha-methylbutyrate arises from the non-enzymic oxidation of alpha-methylbutyraldehyde (the immediate decarboxylation product of alpha-keto-beta-methylvalerate). Mutant studies showed that one of the decarboxylases encoded by PDC1, PDC5, PDC6, YDL080c, or YDR380w must be present to allow yeast to utilize alpha-keto-beta-methylvalerate. Apparently, any one of this family of decarboxylases is sufficient to allow the catabolism of isoleucine to active amyl alcohol. This is the first demonstration of a role for the gene product of YDR380w, and it also shows that the decarboxylation steps for each alpha-keto acid in the catabolic pathways of leucine, valine, and isoleucine are accomplished in subtly different ways. In leucine catabolism, the enzyme encoded by YDL080c is solely responsible for the decarboxylation of alpha-ketoisocaproate, whereas in valine catabolism any one of the isozymes of pyruvate decarboxylase will decarboxylate alpha-ketoisovalerate.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Dickinson JR, Harrison SJ, Dickinson JA, Hewlins MJ
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference