In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, uptake of iron is largely regulated by the transcription factor Aft1. cDNA microarrays were used to identify new iron and AFT1-regulated genes. Four homologous genes regulated as part of the AFT1-regulon (ARN1-4) were predicted to encode members of a subfamily of the major facilitator superfamily of transporters. These genes were predicted to encode proteins with 14 membrane spanning domains and were from 26 to 53% identical at the amino acid level. ARN3 is identical to SIT1, which is reported to encode a ferrioxamine B permease. Deletion of ARN3 did not prevent yeast from using ferrioxamine B as an iron source; however, deletion of ARN3 and FET3, a component of the high affinity ferrous iron transport system, did prevent uptake of ferrioxamine-bound iron and growth on ferrioxamine as an iron source. The siderophore-mediated transport system and the high affinity ferrous iron transport system were localized to separate cellular compartments. Epitope-tagged Arn3p was expressed in intracellular vesicles that co-sediment with the endosomal protein Pep12. In contrast, Fet3p was expressed on the plasma membrane and was digested by extracellular proteases. These data indicate that S. cerevisiae has two pathways for ferrrioxamine-mediated iron uptake, one occurring at the plasma membrane and the other occurring in an intracellular compartment.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|