Expression screening of a Pneumocystis carinii-infected mouse lung cDNA library with specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) led to the identification of a P. carinii cDNA with extensive homology to subtilisin-like proteases, particularly fungal kexins and mammalian prohormone convertases. The 3.1 kb cDNA contains a single open reading frame encoding 1011 amino acids. Structural similarities to fungal kexins in the deduced primary amino acid sequence include a putative proenzyme domain delineated by a consensus autocatalytic cleavage site (Arg-Glu-Lys-Arg), conserved Asp, His, Asn and Ser residues in the putative catalytic domain, a hydrophobic transmembrane spanning domain, and a carboxy-terminal cytoplasmic domain with a conserved tyrosine motif thought to be important for localization of the protease in the endoplasmic reticulum and/or Golgi apparatus. Based on these structural similarities and the classification of P. carinii as a fungus, the protease was named KEX1. Southern blotting of mouse P. carinii chromosomes localized kex1 to a single chromosome of approximately 610 kb. Southern blotting of restriction enzyme digests of genomic DNA from P. carinii-infected mouse lung demonstrated that kex1 is a single copy gene. The function of kexins in other fungi suggests that KEX1 may be involved in the post-translational processing and maturation of other P. carinii proteins.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|