Reference: Read PW, et al. (2000) Human RhoA/RhoGDI complex expressed in yeast: GTP exchange is sufficient for translocation of RhoA to liposomes. Protein Sci 9(2):376-86

Reference Help

Abstract

The human small GTPase, RhoA, expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is post-translationally processed and, when co-expressed with its cytosolic inhibitory protein, RhoGDI, spontaneously forms a heterodimer in vivo. The RhoA/RhoGDI complex, purified to greater than 98% at high yield from the yeast cytosolic fraction, could be stoichiometrically ADP-ribosylated by Clostridium botulinum C3 exoenzyme, contained stoichiometric GDP, and could be nucleotide exchanged fully with [3H]GDP or partially with GTP in the presence of submicromolar Mg2+. The GTP-RhoA/RhoGDI complex hydrolyzed GTP with a rate constant of 4.5 X 10(-5) s(-1), considerably slower than free RhoA. Hydrolysis followed pseudo-first-order kinetics indicating that the RhoA hydrolyzing GTP was RhoGDI associated. The constitutively active G14V-RhoA mutant expressed as a complex with RhoGDI and purified without added nucleotide also bound stoichiometric guanine nucleotide: 95% contained GDP and 5% GTP. Microinjection of the GTP-bound G14V-RhoA/RhoGDI complex (but not the GDP form) into serum-starved Swiss 3T3 cells elicited formation of stress fibers and focal adhesions. In vitro, GTP-bound-RhoA spontaneously translocated from its complex with RhoGDI to liposomes, whereas GDP-RhoA did not. These results show that GTP-triggered translocation of RhoA from RhoGDI to a membrane, where it carries out its signaling function, is an intrinsic property of the RhoA/RhoGDI complex that does not require other protein factors or membrane receptors.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. | In Vitro
Authors
Read PW, Liu X, Longenecker K, Dipierro CG, Walker LA, Somlyo AV, Somlyo AP, Nakamoto RK
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference