The cyclophilin SnuCyp-20 is a specific component of the human U4/U6 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle involved in the nuclear splicing of pre-mRNA. It stably associates with the U4/U6-60kD and -90kD proteins, the human orthologues of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Prp4 and Prp3 splicing factors. We have determined the crystal structure of SnuCyp-20 at 2.0-A resolution by molecular replacement. The structure of SnuCyp-20 closely resembles that of human cyclophilin A (hCypA). In particular, the catalytic centers of SnuCyp-20 and hCypA superimpose perfectly, which is reflected by the observed peptidyl-prolyl-cis/trans-isomerase activity of SnuCyp-20. The surface properties of both proteins, however, differ significantly. Apart from seven additional amino-terminal residues, the insertion of five amino acids in the loop alpha1-beta3 and of one amino acid in the loop alpha2-beta8 changes the conformations of both loops. The enlarged loop alpha1-beta3 is involved in the formation of a wide cleft with predominantly hydrophobic character. We propose that this enlarged loop is required for the interaction with the U4/U6-60kD protein.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|