We have identified Cox20p, a 23.8-kDa protein of the mitochondrial inner membrane that is involved in the biogenesis of the yeast cytochrome oxidase complex. Cytochrome oxidase subunit 2 (Cox2p) accumulates as a precursor in cox20 mutants, suggesting a defect in biogenesis of this mitochondrially encoded protein. The inability of cox20 mutants to process the subunit 2 precursor (pCox2p) is not due to impaired export of the protein across the inner membrane or to an inactive Imp1p/Imp2p peptidase. Rather, Cox20p specifically binds the newly synthesized pCox2p, a step required to present the exported pCox2p as a substrate to the Imp1p peptidase. All of the endogenous pCox2p accumulated in an Deltaimp1 mutant, and a small fraction of Cox2p in wild type yeast, is detected in a complex with Cox20p. Following maturation Cox2p remained associated with Cox20p, prior to assembling into the cytochrome oxidase complex. We propose that Cox20p acts as a membrane-bound chaperone necessary for cleavage of pCox2p and for interaction of the mature protein with other subunits of cytochrome oxidase in a later step of the assembly process.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|