The U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein 70-kDa protein, a U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein-specific protein, has been shown to have multiple roles in nuclear precursor mRNA processing in animals. By using the C-terminal arginine-rich region of Arabidopsis U1-70K protein in the yeast two-hybrid system, we have identified an SC35-like (SR33) and a novel plant serine/arginine-rich (SR) protein (SR45) that interact with the plant U1-70K. The SR33 and SR45 proteins share several features with SR proteins including modular domains typical of splicing factors in the SR family of proteins. However, both plant SR proteins are rich in proline, and SR45, unlike most animal SR proteins, has two distinct arginine/serine-rich domains separated by an RNA recognition motif. By using coprecipitation assays we confirmed the interaction of plant U1-70K with SR33 and SR45 proteins. Furthermore, in vivo and in vitro protein-protein interaction experiments have shown that SR33 protein interacts with itself and with SR45 protein but not with two other members (SRZ21 and SRZ22) of the SR family that are known to interact with the Arabidopsis full-length U-70K only. A Clk/Sty protein kinase (AFC-2) from Arabidopsis phosphorylated four SR proteins (SR33, SR45, SRZ21, and SRZ22). Coprecipitation studies have confirmed the interaction of SR proteins with AFC2 kinase, and the interaction between AFC2 and SR33 is modulated by the phosphorylation status of these proteins. These and our previous results suggest that the plant U1-70K interacts with at least four distinct members of the SR family including SR45 with its two arginine/serine-rich domains, and the interaction between the SR proteins and AFC2 is modulated by phosphorylation. The interaction of plant U1-70K with a novel set of proteins suggests the early stages of spliceosome assembly, and intron recognition in plants is likely to be different from animals.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|