Priming of plus-strand DNA is a critical step in reverse transcription of retroviruses and retrotransposons. All retroelements use an RNase H-resistant oligoribonucleotide spanning a purine-rich sequence (the polypurine tract or PPT) to prime plus-strand DNA synthesis. Plus-strand DNA synthesis of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ty1-H3 retrotransposon is initiated at two sites, PPT1 and PPT2, located at the upstream boundary of the 3'-long terminal repeat and near the middle of the pol gene in the integrase coding region. The two plus-strand primers have the same purine-rich sequence GGGTGGTA. This sequence is not sufficient by itself to generate a plus-strand origin since two identical sequences located upstream of PPT2 in the integrase coding region are not used efficiently as primers for plus-strand DNA synthesis. Thus, other factors must be involved in the formation of a specific plus-strand DNA primer. We show here that mutations upstream of the PPT in a highly conserved T-rich region severely alters plus-strand DNA priming of Ty1. Our results demonstrate the importance of sequences or structural elements upstream of the PPT for initiation of plus-strand DNA synthesis.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|