Reference: Mishra K and Shore D (1999) Yeast Ku protein plays a direct role in telomeric silencing and counteracts inhibition by rif proteins. Curr Biol 9(19):1123-6

Reference Help

Abstract


Yku70p/Yku80p, the yeast Ku protein homologue, is a DNA end-binding heterodimer involved in non-homologous end joining. It also binds to telomeres, where it plays an important role in the maintenance of telomeric DNA structure [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]. Ku protein, together with Rap1p, a telomeric DNA (TG(1-3) repeat)-binding protein, is also required to initiate transcriptional silencing, or telomere-position effect (TPE). Here, we provide evidence for a direct role of Ku in TPE, which is most likely to be in either the recruitment or activation of Sir4 protein at the telomere. Surprisingly, however, the essential role of Ku in TPE is to overcome the inhibitory effect of two Rap1p-interacting proteins, Rif1p and Rif2p, both of which also play an important role in telomere length regulation [6] [7]. Previous studies showed that Rif and Sir proteins compete for binding to the carboxyl terminus of Rap1p [7] [8] [9]. In the absence of this competition, for example, when RIF genes are mutated, Ku is no longer necessary for TPE, whereas the Rap1p carboxyl terminus is still absolutely required. We show that Rif1p is localized to telomeres, indicating that its inhibitory effect on TPE is direct. Our data implicate a role for Ku in the competition between Sir and Rif proteins for access to the telomeric array of Rap1p molecules, which results in a balance between telomeric silencing and telomere length control.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Mishra K, Shore D
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference