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Reference: Nozaki T, et al. (1999) Cloning and characterization of a gene encoding phosphatidyl inositol-specific phospholipase C from Trypanosoma cruzi. Mol Biochem Parasitol 102(2):283-95

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Abstract


A gene encoding phosphatidyl inositol-4,5-bisphosphate phospholipase C (PLC) was cloned from the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. A partial cDNA encoding putative PLC was obtained by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using degenerate oligonucleotide primers corresponding to conserved regions of PLCs. A 2178-bp protein coding region of the T. cruzi PLC gene, composed from cDNA and genomic clones, encodes a putative PLC with a calculated molecular mass of 82,032 Da and an isoelectric point of 5.93. The deduced amino acid sequence of T. cruzi PLC exhibited 23-42% overall identities with the PLCs from other organisms. Among them, PLC from Ictalurus punctatus revealed the highest identity to T. cruzi PLC. The percentage identities of the entire proteins and the catalytic X/Y domains suggested that T. cruzi PLC is more evolutionarily related to the PLCs of higher eukaryotes than to those of lower unicellular eukaryotes. The tetrad analysis of the segregants of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae PLC1/plc1::HIS3 diploid strain transformed with the T. cruzi PLC-expressing plasmid showed that expression of T. cruzi PLC suppressed the growth defect caused by the plc1 disruption in yeasts. Temperature-sensitive phenotype of the S. cerevisiae plc1-mutant haploid strain was also suppressed by the expression of T. cruzi PLC. The phosphatidyl inositol-4,5-biphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2) hydrolyzing activity of T. cruzi PLC was demonstrated in the lysate from the plc1-temperature sensitive yeast mutant strain transformed with the T. cruzi PLC-expressing plasmid. The yeast-expressed T. cruzi PLC showed an absolute Ca2+ dependence which was similar to mammalian PLC isoforms: the half-maximal activity at 0.5-1 x 10(-5) M Ca2+ and the maximal activity at 1-2 x 10(-4) M Ca2+.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Nozaki T, Toh-e A, Fujii M, Yagisawa H, Nakazawa M, Takeuchi T
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