The human p300/CBP-associating factor, PCAF, mediates transcriptional activation through its ability to acetylate nucleosomal histone substrates as well as transcriptional activators such as p53. We have determined the 2.3 A crystal structure of the histone acetyltransferase (HAT) domain of PCAF bound to coenzyme A. The structure reveals a central protein core associated with coenzyme A binding and a pronounced cleft that sits over the protein core and is flanked on opposite sides by the N- and C-terminal protein segments. A correlation of the structure with the extensive mutagenesis data for PCAF and the homologous yeast GCN5 protein implicates the cleft and the N- and C-terminal protein segments as playing an important role in histone substrate binding, and a glutamate residue in the protein core as playing an essential catalytic role. A structural comparison with the coenzyme-bound forms of the related N-acetyltransferases, HAT1 (yeast histone acetyltransferase 1) and SmAAT (Serratia marcescens aminoglycoside 3-N-acetyltransferase), suggests the mode of substrate binding and catalysis by these enzymes and establishes a paradigm for understanding the structure-function relationships of other enzymes that acetylate histones and transcriptional regulators to promote activated transcription.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|