Take our Survey

Reference: Frye RA (1999) Characterization of five human cDNAs with homology to the yeast SIR2 gene: Sir2-like proteins (sirtuins) metabolize NAD and may have protein ADP-ribosyltransferase activity. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 260(1):273-9

Reference Help

Abstract


The yeast Sir2 protein regulates epigenetic gene silencing and as a possible antiaging effect it suppresses recombination of rDNA. Studies involving cobB, a bacterial SIR2-like gene, have suggested it could encode a pyridine nucleotide transferase. Here five human sirtuin cDNAs are characterized. The SIRT1 sequence has the closest homology to the S. cerevisiae Sir2p. The SIRT4 and SIRT5 sirtuins more closely resemble prokaryotic sirtuin sequences. The five human sirtuins are widely expressed in fetal and adult tissues. Recombinant E. coli cobT and cobB proteins each showed a weak NAD-dependent mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase activity using 5, 6-dimethylbenzimidazole as a substrate. Recombinant E. coli cobB and human SIRT2 sirtuin proteins were able to cause radioactivity to be transferred from [32P]NAD to bovine serum albumin (BSA). When a conserved histidine within the human SIRT2 sirtuin was converted to a tyrosine, the mutant recombinant protein was unable to transfer radioactivity from [32P]NAD to BSA. These results suggest that the sirtuins may function via mono-ADP-ribosylation of proteins. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Frye RA
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference