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Reference: Brix J, et al. (1999) Distribution of binding sequences for the mitochondrial import receptors Tom20, Tom22, and Tom70 in a presequence-carrying preprotein and a non-cleavable preprotein. J Biol Chem 274(23):16522-30

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Abstract


Preproteins destined for mitochondria either are synthesized with amino-terminal signal sequences, termed presequences, or possess internal targeting information within the protein. The preprotein translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane (designated Tom) contains specific import receptors. The cytosolic domains of three import receptors, Tom20, Tom22, and Tom70, have been shown to interact with preproteins. Little is known about the internal targeting information in preproteins and the distribution of binding sequences for the three import receptors. We have studied the binding of the purified cytosolic domains of Tom20, Tom22, and Tom70 to cellulose-bound peptide scans derived from a presequence-carrying cleavable preprotein, cytochrome c oxidase subunit IV, and a non-cleavable preprotein with internal targeting information, the phosphate carrier. All three receptor domains are able to bind efficiently to linear 13-mer peptides, yet with different specificity. Tom20 preferentially binds to presequence segments of subunit IV. Tom22 binds to segments corresponding to the carboxyl-terminal part of the presequence and the amino-terminal part of the mature protein. Tom70 does not bind efficiently to any region of subunit IV. In contrast, Tom70 and Tom20 bind to multiple segments within the phosphate carrier, yet the amino-terminal region is excluded. Both charged and uncharged peptides derived from the phosphate carrier show specific binding properties for Tom70 and Tom20, indicating that charge is not a critical determinant of internal targeting sequences. This feature contrasts with the crucial role of positively charged amino acids in presequences. Our results demonstrate that linear peptide segments of preproteins can serve as binding sites for all three receptors with differential specificity and imply different mechanisms for translocation of cleavable and non-cleavable preproteins.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Brix J, Rudiger S, Bukau B, Schneider-Mergener J, Pfanner N
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