The yeast V-ATPase is highly similar to V-ATPases of higher organisms and has proved to be a biochemically and genetically accessible model for many aspects of V-ATPase function. Like other V-ATPases, the yeast enzyme consists of a complex of peripheral membrane proteins, the V1 sector, attached to a complex of integral membrane subunits, the V0 sector. Multiple pathways for biosynthetic assembly of the enzyme appear to be available to cells containing a full complement of subunits and enzyme activity may be further controlled during biosynthesis by a protease activity localized to the late Golgi apparatus. Surprisingly, the assembled V-ATPase is not a static structure. Instead, fully assembled V1V0 complexes appear to exist in a dynamic equilibrium with inactive cytosolic V1 and membrane-bound V0 complexes and this equilibrium can be rapidly shifted in response to changes in carbon source. The reversible disassembly of the yeast V-ATPase may be a novel regulatory mechanism, common to V-ATPases, that works in vivo in coordination with many other regulatory mechanisms.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|