The RAD17 gene product of S. Pombe is an essential component of the checkpoint control pathway which responds to both DNA damage and disruption of replication. We have identified a human cDNA that encodes a polypeptide which is structurally conserved with the S. Pombe Rad17 protein. The human gene, designated hRAD17, predicts an encoded protein of 590 amino acids and a molecular weight of 69 kD. Amino acid sequence alignment revealed that hRadl7 has 28.3% and 52.5% similarity with the S. Pombe Rad17 protein, and 21.8% identity and 45.8% similarity to the budding yeast cell cycle checkpoint protein, Rad 24. When introduced into the S. Pombe rad17 mutant, hRAD17 was able to partially revert its hydroxyurea and ionizing radiation hypersensitivity, but not its UV hypersensitivity. Permanent overexpression of the hRAD17 gene in human fibrosarcoma cells resulted in p53 activation and a significant reduction of S- and G2/M-phase cells accompanied by an accumulation of the G1-phase population, suggesting that hRAD17 may have a role in cell cycle checkpoint control. Immunostaining of HT-1080 cells transiently transfected with a hRAD17 construct confirmed the nuclear accumulation of p53, which mimics the induction caused by DNA damage. Using FISH analysis, we have mapped the hRAD17 locus to human chromosome 5q11.2.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|