The ability of a vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) subunit homolog (subunit A) from plants to rescue the vma mutant phenotype of yeast was investigated as a first step towards investigating the structure and function of plant subunits in molecular detail. Heterologous expression of cotton cDNAs encoding near-identical isoforms of subunit A in mutant vma1 delta yeast cells successfully rescued the mutant vma phenotype, indicating that subunit A of plants and yeast have retained elements essential to V-ATPases during the course of evolution. Although vacuoles become acidified, the plant-yeast hybrid holoenzyme only partially restored V-ATPase activity (approximately 60%) in mutant yeast cells. Domain substitution of divergent N- or C-termini only slightly enhanced V-ATPase activity, whereas swapping both domains acted synergistically, increasing coupled ATP hydrolysis and proton translocation by approximately 22% relative to the native plant subunit. Immunoblot analysis indicated that similar amounts of yeast, plant or plant-yeast chimeric subunits are membrane-bound. These results suggest that subunit A terminal domains contain structural information that impact V-ATPase structure and function.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|