Martin CE, et al. (2007) Regulation of long chain unsaturated fatty acid synthesis in yeast. Biochim Biophys Acta 1771(3):271-85
Abstract: Saccharomyces cerevisiae forms monounsaturated fatty acids using the ER membrane-bound Delta-9 fatty acid desaturase, Ole1p, an enzyme system that forms a double bond in saturated fatty acyl CoA substrates. Ole1p is a chimeric protein consisting of an amino terminal desaturase domain fused to cytochrome b(5). It catalyzes the formation of the double bond through an oxygen-dependent mechanism that requires reducing equivalents from NADH. These are transferred to the enzyme via NADH cytochrome b(5) reductase to the Ole1p cytochrome b(5) domain and then to the diiron-oxo catalytic center of the enzyme. The control of OLE1 gene expression appears to mediated through the ER membrane proteins Spt23p and Mga2p. N-terminal fragments of these proteins are released by an ubiquitin/proteasome mediated proteolysis system and translocated to the nucleus where they appear to act as transcription coactivators of OLE1. OLE1 is regulated through Spt23p and Mga2p by multiple systems that control its transcription and mRNA stability in response to diverse stimuli that include nutrient fatty acids, carbon source, metal ions and the availability of oxygen.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 16920014|
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